10 Important Papers on the MJO

by Joe Archive on June 20, 2011

I’m going to resist including my own (unpublished) contribution in this list of important MJO related papers. The papers are listed in reverse alphabetical order – because I scrolled backwards through the reference list of my paper looking for papers to put in this list. I’m sure there are papers I’ve left out, and there is certainly a bias introduced by my particular interpretation of the MJO as a moisture mode. I’ve included links to pdfs or abstracts where they were easy to find.


  1. Zhang, C., 2005: Madden-Julian Oscillation. Rev. Geophys., 43, RG2003.
  2. Wheeler, M.  and G. N. Kiladis, 1999: Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves: Analysis of Clouds and Temperature in the Wavenumber-Frequency Domain. J.Atmos. Sci., 56, 374–399.
  3. Wheeler, M., and H. H. Hendon, 2004: An all-season real-time multivariate MJO index: Development of an index for monitor- ing and prediction, Mon. Weather Rev., 132, 1917–1932.
  4. Sobel, A. H., E. D. Maloney, G. Bellon, and D. M. Frierson, 2010: Surface Fluxes and Tropical Intraseasonal Variability: a Reassessment. JAMES, 2, Article 2. DOI:10.3894/JAMES.2010.2.2
  5. Roundy, P. E., and W. M. Frank, 2004:  Climatology of Waves in the Equatorial Region. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 2105–2132
  6. Maloney, E. D., 2009: The Moist Static Energy Budget of a Composite Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation in a Climate Model. J. Climate., 22, 711–729.
  7. Madden, R. A., and P. R. Julian 1972: Description of global-scale circulation cells in the tropics with a 40 – 50 day period, J. Atmos. Sci., 29, 1109–1123.
  8. Kiladis, G. N., K. H. Straub, and P. T. Haertel, 2005: Zonal and vertical structure of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 2790-2809.
  9. Fuchs, Z., and D. J. Raymond, 2005: Large-scale modes in a rotating atmosphere with radiative–convective instability and WISHE. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 4084–4094.
  10. Boos, W. R. and Z. Kuang, 2010: Mechanisms of poleward-propagating, intraseasonal convective anomalies in cloud-system resolving models. J. Atmos. Sci., 67, Accepted.

Previous post:

Next post: